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The shoulder joint is a “ball and socket” joint that enables smooth gliding and thereby the movements of arms. However, it is inherently unstable because of the shallow socket. A soft rim of cartilage, the labrum, lines the socket and deepens it so that it accommodates the head of the upper arm bone better. Traumatic injury to the shoulder or overuse of shoulder (throwing, weightlifting) may cause labral tear. In addition, ageing may weaken the labrum leading to injury. Shoulder labral tear injury may cause symptoms such as pain, catching or locking sensation, decreased range of motion, and/or joint instability. Superior labral tear from anterior to posterior (SLAP tear) is an injury to the labrum of the shoulder, which can be caused by an acute accident or fall, shoulder dislocation, repetitive overhead motion, or wearing of the labrum over time. SLAP tears may be treated non-operatively using anti-inflammatory medication, steroidal injections, and/or physical therapy. Other tears may be treated surgically and can include shaving of the tear or repair of the labrum with suture anchors.

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